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Morphology & Characteristics

Distribution & Conservation

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Banisteriopsis caapi

Ayahuasca Information Page

Classification - Back to Top

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)

    • Subkingdom: Tracheobionta Vascular plants)

      • Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed Plants)

        • Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants)

          • Class: Magnoliopsida

            • Subclass:

              • Order:

                • Family:

                  \
                  • Tribe:

                    • Genus: Banisteriopsis

                      • Species: Banisteriopsis caapi (Spruce ex Griseb.) C. V. Morton


Infraspecific Names


Species Authority:

Synonym(s): Banisteria caapi, Banisteria quitensis, Banisteriopsis inebrians, Banisteriopsis quitensis.

Common Name(s): Ayahuasca, Vine of the soul/dead, Yage.

First Published: .

Publication of Current Ranking:

Morphology & Characteristics - Back to Top

Botanical Description


Key Features


Growth Habit

The Leaf

The Stem

The Flower

Petal:

Ovary:

Style & Stigma:

Filament & Anther:

Pollen:

The Fruit

The Seed

The Root


Banisteriopsis caapi Identification


Similar appearing species


Distribution & Conservation - Back to Top

Native Distribution

Cultivated Distribution

Introduced Distribution


Habitat & Climate


Conservation


Cultivation Information - Back to Top

Size and Habit


Light Preferences


Temperature Preferences


Soil Preferences


Water & Humidity


Nutritional Requirements


Reproduction


Pruning


Commercial Scale


Pests & Disease


Acclimatizing New Plants


Propagation Information - Back to Top

Growing From Seed


Stem, Root and/or Leaf Cuttings


Grafting


Micropropagation


Ethnobotanical Uses - Back to Top

Biology & Chemistry - Back to Top

The Chemistry of Banisteriopsis caapi

Please note: Some chemicals may not be listed and some may or may not be toxic. Do not consume plants based on this table, it only gives a general idea of *some* of the chemicals this plant contains.

Chemical Name

Plant part

Quantity

Chemical activities

Ref.

5-HYDROXY-N,N-DIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE

Bark

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

5-METHOXY-N,N-DIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE

Bark

Not Stated

See Referrence.

[2]

ACETYL-NORHARMINE

Bark

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

DIHYDROSHIHUNINE

Plant

Not stated

Not stated

Duke

Harmaline

Seed

Not Stated

See Referrence.

[1]

HARMALINIC-ACID

Plant

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

Harmalol

Plant

Not stated

Antibacterial; Antimitotic 10 ug/ml; Aphrodisiac 5 mg/mus; CNS-Stimulant; Cytotoxic; Desmutagenic; Pesticide

Duke

HARMIC-ACID-METHYL-METHYLESTER

Plant

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

HARMIC-AMIDE

Bark

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

HARMINE-N-OXIDE

Plant

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

Harmines

Bark

Wood

22,000 ppm

11,000 ppm

Not Stated

Duke

KETO-TETRAHYDRO-NORHARMINE

Bark

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

N,N-DIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE

Bark

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

N-METHYLTRYPTAMINE

Bark

Not Stated

Antitrypanosomic

Duke

Saponin

Bark

6,600 ppm

Not Stated

Duke

Shihunine

Plant

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

Telepathine

Plant

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke

TETRAHYDROHARMINE

Leaf

Not Stated

Not Stated

Duke


Ecology - Back to Top


Companion Plants in Cultivation






Experimental & Notes - Back to Top


Banisteriopsis caapi Photos - Back to Top


References & Related Pages - Back to Top

Related Pages hosted on Kada's Garden

Banisteriopsis caapi

Banisteriopsis caapi Photo Gallery


References

[1] Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. States: "HARMALINE Seed: Anthelmintic; Antibacterial; Antileishmanic ED50=24 ug/mL; Antimalarial; Antiparkinsonian; Antitrypanosomic; Aphrodisiac 5 mg/mus; Bradycardic 400 pm frg; Cardiovascular 5 ivn dog; CNS-Stimulant; Convulsant; Cytotoxic; Desmutagenic; Hallucinogenic 4 mg/kg orl man; MAO-Inhibitor; Pesticide; Phototoxic; Protisticide; Psychotropic; Spinodepressant 5 mg/kg ivn cat; Tremorigenic 15 ipr rat 3 ivn rbt; Uteroactive 1 mg/kg ivn cat; Uterotonic"

[2] Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. States: "5-METHOXY-N,N-DIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE Bark: Antifeedant; Bronchospasmogenic; Hallucinogenic; Hyperkinetic; Hypotensive; Pesticide; Respiradepressant"

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